Propp’s Character Theory on The Matrix



Watch a film that you believe to loosely adhere to Propp’s character theory and explain how. Evaluate how the film uses society (Lex Luther/anti hero) to manipulate the theory for today’s audience.

Write up Effects theory and Reception theory.

Give examples of an opening sequence for a child, a teenager, someone middle aged and someone old.

  • The villain (struggles against the hero)
  • The donor(prepares the hero or gives the hero some magical object)
  • The (magical) helper (helps the hero in the quest)
  • The princess (person the hero marries, often sought for during the narrative)
  • The false hero (perceived as good character in beginning but emerges as evil)
  • The dispatcher (character who makes the lack known and sends the hero off)
  • The hero [aka victim/seeker/paladin/winner, reacts to the donor, weds the princess

Shape Theory

Shape theory is adding emotion and character into shapes by the way they look.


This is a shape theory image of three birds attacking an person. I only used three colours which are black, red and white. The character of the dot is a representation of an innocent, vulnerable person, while the essence of the birds are a representation of aggression. What made these effective representations are the fact that they are simple shapes and avoids realistic body parts.


What specific elements in this situation evoke strong feelings in me? How can I accentuate these?

What feeling do I want to evoke with this picture? What principles might I use to do this?

Write a paragraph about how you can see shape theory impacting on other media outcomes, such as advertising and animation.

Todorov’s Narrative Theory on The Lost Boys


Brothers Michael and Sam move with their mother to Santa Carla, California. While Sam meets some comic book enthusiasts, Michael falls for Star who is controlled by David and his gang of vampires. Michael is then unknowingly manipulated into becoming a vampire, and it is up to Sam and his friends to save him and Star.



This follows the equilibrium as the scene shows everyday life of the citizens and there is no disrupted behaviour. The calmness is reflected with the song ‘People Are Strange.’


In this scene, the disruption begins outside of the normal social events with David teasing Michael with illusions. He is then manipulated and taunted into drinking blood thinking it is wine. By drinking the blood he has joined the gang of antagonists.


In this scene, Nanook the dog gets suspicious of Michael and attacks him. After the attack, Sam goes to look for Michael and notices that he has a transparent refection and believes that Michael has turned into a vampire. In fear, Sam locks himself in his room and seeks for advice from his friends.

Restored order

This follows the restored order as Sam and his friends try to save Michael and Star from becoming fully turned vampires by killing the head vampire who they believe is David. While Sam and his friends are dealing with the other vampires, David attacks Michael and tries one last time to get him to join the vampires. However, Michael doesn’t want to join so he fights David in order to save himself.

New Equilibrium

When Max and Lucy return, it turns out that Max is in fact the head vampire and the others try to stop him. They fail and Max tries to create a new equilibrium by offering Lucy into the family of vampires. Out of nowhere, Lucy’s father drives into the house to stop Max. Michael pushes him into a stake and kills him. The characters are now free of vampirism and the events are now back to normal.


References of Images

Andreeva, N. (2017). ‘The Lost Boys’ TV Series Based On Movie In Works At The CW With Rob Thomas. [online] Deadline. Available at: [Accessed 27 Sep. 2017].

Colour Theory

Primary Colours – Blue, red and yellow.

Secondary Colours – Green, orange and purple.

Tertiary Colours – Yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green and yellow-green.

Saturation – Intensity of a colour.

Value – The lightness or darkness of a colour.

Shade – The mixture of a colour with black, which reduces the lightness.

Tint – The mixture of a colour with white, which increases the lightness.

Monochromatic – A single hue extended using its shades, tones and tints.

Analogous – Colours that are next to each other on the colour wheel.

Complementary – Colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel.

Split Complementary – Two colours adjacent to its complement.

Triadic – Colours that are evenly spaced from each other on the colour wheel.



My colour wheel made from objects I found with Zainab and Alexis.


Adult Coloring 101. (2017). How to Choose Colors – Part I – Adult Coloring 101. [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Sep. 2017].


Larry Clark’s Photographs Analysis

Larry Clark is an American photographer born in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1943. He is known for taking photos of his life and his friends lives, taking drugs, having sex and being violent. This showed the world the reality of Tulsa and across suburban America.

Larry Clark 1

Untitled, 1971

The subject of this photograph is the man holding the gun. The man appears to look very distressed and angry, in addition, he is aiming a gun. The photograph was taken in 1971 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and captures its violent criminal world. There are three focal points in this photo: the gun, the man’s face, and the flag in the background. The gun is the main focal point as it is a sign of violence and power. it is also one of the most darkest things in the fairly light photo. The man’s face is another focal point because of his facial expression. The image gives a feeling of worry and concern since he may be holding the gun because of anger. The man looks successful which gives another reason for concern. The flag is a focal point as it is very dark but mainly because of its composition. The flag is on an angle and not placed orderly, which suggests he feels betrayed. This could also suggest the reason for the gun as he could be waiting. The flag is also composed above the man’s head which could be what is on his mind.


Untitled, 1963

This photograph is of a man holding the back of his head in a slumped over position, which has formed a triangular composition from the neck to the wrists. This has locked the man into his thoughts. The photograph was taken in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1963 and captures the moment in time when hard drug use was at a peak. The focal point is the hands on the man’s head. It clearly shows that he is in distress and is struggling. The hands are placed where the pain is and that is in the head. The photograph is very dark to show that the man is having dark thoughts.

Artist Information

Otto, F. (2017). Awareness: Larry Clark’s Tulsa Series in the Rincliffe Gallery – DrexelNow. [online] DrexelNow. Available at: [Accessed 24 Sep. 2017].

IMDb. (2017). Larry Clark. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Sep. 2017].

Jeffrey, I. (n.d.). The photography book. Phaidon.

Untitled, 1971

Clark, L. (2017). MCA – Collection: Larry Clark, Untitled, 1971. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Sep. 2017].

Untitled, 1963

Clark, L. (2017). MCA – Collection: Larry Clark, Untitled, 1963. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Sep. 2017].

Composition Photographs at the Community Farm

When I went to the Community Farm I was set the task of creating at least 3 images representing each rule of composition. The rules are: thirds, even and odd, triangles, space, simplification, symmetry and pattern and repetition.

Composition means combining or putting together parts to form a whole.

Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is used by aiming the object of interest in the guide lines from a camera, by either placing it on the top horizontal line, the bottom horizontal line, or by allowing the subject to take up certain sections.

In this photograph I had the wooden sculpture in one third and greenery in the other two thirds. I roughly aimed the tops of the hills in the background on the top horizontal line when I used the grid.


In this photograph I used the flag for one third and greenery for the other two. What I like about this photograph is how I managed to capture most of the flag’s image in the strong wind.

In this photograph I aimed the house in the bottom two thirds and the sky in the top third. I found this image to have an eerie feel.

Rule of Even and Odd

Rule of odds have an odd number of subjects and make images more appealing while an even number of subjects can create tension.

For this even photo I placed two flowers together. What I like most about this photograph is the colours and detail of the flowers.

For this photograph I placed two blocks on top of a platform.

This photograph is of two stones on top of a post which looks very unnatural.

This photograph contains three daisys which are quite close to each other. They were the only three daisys that were near each other so I think this photograph gives the impression of togetherness.


One of my favourite composed images taken at the farm is this one, which is of three stones placed right next to each other on top of a wall. I like the shadows casting of them and how it looks neat and sophisticated.

Similar to the previous image, this photo has three bricks placed in a pile with a gap in the centre of the frame, which I think draws the most attention.

Rule of Triangles

The rule of triangles create a stable structured image.

My first rule of triangles photo is of a cart on a trailer. I thought the cart was attractive because of all the colours so I looked for an angle where I could interpret it to fit the rule of triangles. The triangular shape I found is the side of the cart which is the base of the shape. The part between the end of the cart and the end of the trailer continues the shape which forms a right angle. The last bit that connects is from the end of the cart to the hook of the cart. This forms a right-angled triangle.

This photograph is of a birdhouse. The triangular shape is the top of the house. I like the use of space in this photo.

In this photo I captured multiple triangles. Each end of the boat represents a triangle.

Rule of Space

The rule of space creates the sense of movement in an image.

I like this photo’s central composition, but to improve this with the use of space I could put a foot in the frame to suggest motion.

I took this in an unusual perspective to make the image look fearful.

I took this photograph with the cat in central frame so it looked powerful.

Rule of Simplification

The rule of simplification implies the use of focusing on one subject in the photograph and blurring out the background.

For this photograph I focused on one of the hooks of the cart. To improve this I could change the perspective so there is not lots going on in the background.

For this image I focused on the flower in the centre and simplified it. What I would do to improve this photo is to fix the lighting.

This is a simplified photograph of the hook of a trailer.

Rule of Symmetry

The rule of symmetry is used when subjects look very similar or the exact same when split in the middle.


Here, I used the rule of symmetry with bird house. I made it more visually pleasing by drawing the eye through the image to the dish in the centre from the dish in the foreground.


I used symmetry in this photography with my shadow. I ensured there was nothing else in the background that lead the eye of the shadow.

My line of symmetry in the photograph is the horizontal line across the middle. I tried to make the image more interesting by adding the use of space to the left.

Rule of Pattern and Repetition

The rule of pattern and repetition apply when the subject repeats itself in a similar form, like the rule of symmetry, it does not have to be accurate.

I took this photo of the ceiling in the Hobbit House which was made out of several logs that formed a pattern. I like the detail some of the logs have which does not make the pattern exactly the same.

The pattern I used in this photo is the pole of the fence. What I like about this photograph is the leading line it creates from the foreground to the background.

This simple pattern is of one of the fences which forms squares, and because of the angle I took it from it appears to look smaller further down to the bottom.

I took this photo of the cage which made a square pattern. What I like about this is that another pattern is created behind the first one. I took it at a slightly acute angle to show this.

This photograph is of the wooden post. The pattern I tried to show was the detail of the wood, which form lines across the image.